A fifth grader is slightly mature in the classes of primary level but there is still a need of assistance and guidance in a systematic way. At this stage the children are more understanding and less restless so they understand and imitate you well with patience. Projects should be designed in a way that in fairly easy-to-handle and it covers short time span that is not more than a week. Children of this age group learn and enjoy things by doing them and always want to have autonomy in completing their task. They feel a sense of achievement if they are doing their project themselves with little or no assistance.
All projects involve some basic skills in carrying out a project like doing research, hypothesizing, observing, making measurements, collecting data, analyzing data, problem solving, scientific drawing, note taking and communicating the results. It is good to give independence to the children to perform experiments, but it is also recommended to have little assistance and safety check from the parents and teachers. It is also desirable that teachers do a time to time evaluation to ensure the quality of it. And while doing this evaluation, care should be taken to give more credit to the idea and child’s effort.
There are two types such as investigative and demonstrative. The investigative include effect of ice shape on melting time, testing the longevity of crunchiness in different kind of cereals, testing the biodegradability of different types of toilet tissues and finding which fruit has the most Vitamin C etc. The demonstrative include demonstration of the working mechanism of the static electricity, how yeast produces gas and how you can speed up a chemical reaction. Both the investigative and demonstrative are equally important and helpful in making learning a fun experience besides an academic requirement.
There is a wide range of projects including crystal formation, volcano eruption, biomass energy, water purification, using a magnifying glass, snowflakes, simple machines, fingerprinting, phases of moon, light experiments, water pollution, make a magnet, testing starch in fruits, how plants are affected by sugar water, salt water, vinegar and light, germination, making yogurt, making models of moon, sun and planets of solar system, parts of human body, making sugar crystals, water filtration, how heat is produced by electricity, effect of carbon dioxide on man, what makes a milk to spoil, making a model of human heart, cotton candy and Fluorescent Lights etc.
Children are considered to be highly curious with a lot of questions in their minds about the world around them. So for a normal fifth grader, environmental awareness is expected. In order to enhance the team work and communication skills, group projects should be given and it is evident that children learn more in group as they feel a sense of competition. The seven major steps in reporting are selecting a topic or title, defining a purpose, choosing simple and easily available materials and equipments, formulating a testable hypothesis, elaborating project procedures, results and conclusions.